Attention: Counseling services aren't being offered this year, 2012-2013, due to guidance class scheduling. If your student needs counseling, please contact the school psychologist, Mrs. Trisha Lynch (434-315-2100, extension: 3136).


Counseling is a very important part of  school counselors' jobs. Most states require that most  school counselors' time be spent doing counseling. The state of Virginia requires that school counselors spend a minimum of 60%  of their time counseling. There are  many counseling techniques that  school counselors use to meet students needs.

1. Direct Counseling: In direct counseling, the students are given some directions as to what they should do to solve problems of feeling better about situations that they have experienced.   

2. Indirect Counseling: In indirect counseling, the students are given no directions as to what they should do in any given situations, but the students are helped to understand the situations and themselves.

3. Eclectic Counseling: In the eclectic technique of counseling a combination of both the direct and indirect techniques of counseling are used. This is the most popular technique of counseling used by most school counselors.

4. Gestalt Counseling: The focus is on what a student is doing that is causing a problem, why the student is doing it, and how he/she may change.

5. Cognitive-Behavior Counseling: Help the student become aware of a problem and teaching him/her new behaviors.

6. Art, Music & play Therapy Counseling: This technique works very well with a young child (2-5 years old). The child is given freedom to explore art materials, musical songs, or play with toys. As the child perform any one or all of these activities, the counselor will observe the behavior of the child. From time to time the counselor will encourage the child to talk to learn of the child's fears, beliefs, self concepts, concepts of others, the home, and his/her world.

7. Solution Focus Counseling: or sometime called "Brief Counseling" Using this technique, the counselor will focus on a time when the problem didn't exist and try to recreate that time and event for the student.  Many counselors believe that this is the best technique: it fast, can be used with groups, and it's the only technique that focuses on positive behaviors rather than the negatives ones.

8. Narrative Counseling: The counselor reads or tells a story that a student has  similar problems or feelings of a character in the story. An older student may read the story on his/her owns. The student gets the opportunity to express his/her feelings & possible solutions. This technique works well with older students.  

Counseling may be done with groups of students, individual students, or with parents about how they may better work with their children. The most important components of any counseling setting is good listening and confidentiality.

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